Psychosomatic theory recognizes that the mind can create illness in the body and vice versa. The seven body constitutions and seven mental constitutions are described: Vayu (air or energy) Pita (fire) Kapha (water), vayu-pita, vayu-kapha, pita-kapha and a combination of all the three (tridosha). Health is seen as a balance of biological humors where disease is an imbalance of humors. Ayurveda create balance by supplying efficient humors and reducing the excess one.
Additionaly,there are over 2000 medicinal plants classified in India’s materia medica. A unique therapy known as panchakarma ( 5 actions) completely removes toxins from the body. This method reverses the disease path from its manifestation stage, back into the blood stream, and eventually into the gastrointestinal tract (the original site of the disease ). It is achieved through special diet, oil massages and steam therapy. At the completion of these therapies, special form of emesis, purgation and enema remove excess from there site of origin. Finally, Ayurveda rejuvenate – rebuilding the body cells and tissues after toxins are removed.
ear, nose, throat
Sushruta reveals approximately 72 eye diseases, surgical eye disorders (eg: cataracts, eye lid diseases) and diseases of the ears, nose and throat.
Topics include air and water pollution, toxins in animals, minerals, vegetables and epidemics .
In this branch pre-natal and post-natal care of the baby and mother are discussed. Topics include methods of conception, choosing the childs gender, intelligence and constitution; and childhood diseases and midwifery.
Prevention and longevity are discussed in this branch of Ayurveda. Charaka says that in order to develop longevity, ethics and virtuous living must be embraced.
Each of these medical specialties is addressed according to the theories of the 5 elements (air, space, fire, water and earth). The tridosha or 3 bodily humors: the seven datus or bodily tissues: three malas (urine, stool and sweat ): and the trinity of life: body ,mind and spiritual awareness.
Ayurveda presenting techniques of examination, diagnosis and treatment; promotion of longevity; the use of herbal medicines and other practical everyday aspects of maintaining health.Ayurveda, a wealth of ancient knowledge still remains to be explored in writings of the ayurvedic sages, such as surgeon Sushruta (who more than 2000 years ago, wrote a classical text on surgery- Sushruta samhita .
Unlike other system of medicine, it goes in to the innermost essence of being and life and helps in preventing diseases and maintaining health. The golden rule in ayurveda is that ‘promotion and restoration of health ‘is more important than treatment of disease
More than 2000 years ago, sophisticated methods of surgery were known. This information spread to Egypt, Greece, Rome, and eventually throughout the world.
A whole branch of Ayurveda specifically deals with diseases of the mind (including demonic possession). Besides herbs and diet yogic therapies (breathing, mantras etc.) are employed
This section deals with two aspects; infertility (for those hoping to conceive) and spiritual development (for those eager to transmute sexual energy into spiritual energy).